number of access : ?
number of downloads : ?
ID 115659
Author
Iwasaki, Yuki Tokushima University
Tsukamoto, Mineko Nagoya University
Kadomatsu, Yuka Nagoya University
Okada, Rieko Nagoya University
Hishida, Asahi Nagoya University
Tanaka, Keitaro Saga University
Hara, Megumi Saga University
Takezaki, Toshiro Kagoshima University
Shimatani, Keiichi Kagoshima University
Ozaki, Etsuko Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
Koyama, Teruhide Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
Suzuki, Sadao Nagoya City University
Nakagawa-Senda, Hiroko Nagoya City University
Kuriki, Kiyonori University of Shizuoka
Miyagawa, Naoko National Institute of Health and Nutrition
Kadota, Aya Shiga University of Medical Science
Ikezaki, Hiroaki Kyushu University
Furusyo, Norihiro Kyushu University
Oze, Isao Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute
Ito, Hidemi Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute
Mikami, Haruo Chiba Cancer Center Research Institute
Nakamura, Yohko Chiba Cancer Center Research Institute
Wakai, Kenji Nagoya University
Keywords
nutrient pattern
metabolic syndrome
factor analysis
cross-sectional study
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
The association between nutrient patterns and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been examined in a Japanese population. A cross-sectional study was performed on 30,108 participants (aged 35–69 years) in the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Dietary intake was assessed using a 46-item food frequency questionnaire. MetS was diagnosed according to the Joint Interim Statement Criteria of 2009, using body mass index instead of waist circumference. Factor analysis was applied to energy-adjusted intake of 21 nutrients, and three nutrient patterns were extracted: Factor 1 (fiber, potassium and vitamins pattern); Factor 2 (fats and fat-soluble vitamins pattern); and Factor 3 (saturated fatty acids, calcium and vitamin B2 pattern). In multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex, age, and other potential confounders, Factor 1 scores were associated with a significantly reduced odds ratio (OR) of MetS and all five components. Factor 2 scores were associated with significantly increased prevalence of MetS, obesity, and high blood pressure. Factor 3 scores were significantly associated with lower OR of MetS, high blood pressure, high serum triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol levels. Analysis of nutrient patterns may be useful to assess the overall quality of diet and its association with MetS.
Journal Title
Nutrients
ISSN
20726643
Publisher
MDPI
Volume
11
Issue
5
Start Page
990
Published Date
2019-04-30
Rights
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences