Hatta, Hideki University of Toyama
Nishida, Takeshi University of Toyama
Minamisaka, Takashi University of Toyama
Tsuneyama, Koichi Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Imura, Johji University of Toyama
Antigen modification and denaturation are recognized causes of false negatives in immunostaining. Specimens that have been stored for an extended period at room temperature show decreased immunoreactivity and may mislead the diagnosis. Studies of the molecular targeting of drugs often involve immunostaining of previous samples and, in some situations, only unstained specimens can be used. The present study aimed to develop an effective staining method to recover antigen activation in unstained specimens stored for an extended period by using ethylene-diamine-tetraacetic acid (EDTA) buffer solution with boric acid. We compared several commonly used antigen retrieval solutions and found that Tris-borate-EDTA (TBE) buffer solution with a pH ≥8.3 provided sufficient antigen retrieval. However, pH values higher than 8.3 (9.0, 10.0, and 11.0) frequently caused severe tissue damage. Thus, TBE with pH 8.3 was the most suitable antigen retrieval solution for recovering the antigenicity of specimens stored for an extended period. This procedure may allow useful immunohistochemical information, even from sections that have been stored for an extended period.
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