Optimal Entry Point for Lateral Mass Screwing
Yamamoto, Norio University of Tokushima
Kosaka, Hirofumi University of Tokushima
Morimoto, Masatoshi University of Tokushima
Yamashita, Kazuta University of Tokushima Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory
Tezuka, Fumitake University of Tokushima Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory
Hayashi, Fumio University of Tokushima
Takata, Yoichiro University of Tokushima Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Sakai, Toshinori University of Tokushima Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Nagamachi, Akihiro University of Tokushima
Sairyo, Koichi University of Tokushima Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Lateral vertebral notch
Lateral mass screwing
Study Design: Retrospective study of 37 consecutive female patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy who underwent reconstructed computed tomography (CT) scanning of the cervical spine.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the vertebral lateral notch of the cervical spine is an effective landmark to determine the entry point for lateral mass screwing. A modified Roy-Camille technique was used to determine the entry point associated with the lateral notch of the cervical spine.
Overview of Literature: The Roy-Camille technique has been a popular technique for the posterior fixation of the cervical spine. A problem with this technique is determining the entry point on the lateral mass via visual inspection, such as in cases with degenerative or destructive cervical facet joints.
Methods: Thirty-three female patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent reconstructed CT scanning of the cervical spine. Overall, 132 vertebrae from C3 to C6 were reviewed using reconstructed CT. The probable trajectory using a modified Roy-Camille technique was determined using reconstructed CT scans, and the optimal entry point was identified. Horizontal and vertical distances from the vertebral lateral notch were measured.
Results: The entry point determined using the modified Roy-Camille technique was significantly superior and medial compared with that determined using the conventional Roy-Camille technique. At C3 and C4 levels, the entry point using the modified technique was 1.4 mm below and 4.4 mm medial to the lateral notch, and at C5 and C6 levels, it was 2.3 mm below and 4.9 mm medial to the lateral notch.
Conclusions: The vertebral lateral notch of the cervical spine was an effective landmark to determine the entry point for lateral mass screwing. The modified Roy-Camille technique proposed here may prevent surgical complications and poor outcomes.
Asian Spine Journal
Korean Society of Spine Surgery
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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