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ID 116500
Title Alternative
SDF-1 expression in rectal cancer
Author
Okikawa, Shohei Tokushima University
Eto, Shohei Tokushima University
Keywords
Rectal cancer
Stromal derived factor-1
Radiation resistance
Preoperative chemoradiotherapy
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) expression is associated with cancer progression, as a biomarker of prognosis. We clarified the significance of SDF-1 expression on chemoradiotherapy (CRT) resistance and prognosis in advanced lower rectal cancer patients. We evaluated 98 patients with advanced lower rectal cancer who underwent preoperative CRT. All patients received 40 Gy of radiation therapy, with concurrent chemotherapy containing fluorinated pyrimidines, followed by surgical resection. SDF-1 expression in surgical specimens was examined by immunohistochemistry. We divided the patients into SDF-1-positive- (n = 52) and SDF-1-negative groups (n = 46) and compared the clinicopathological factors and survival rates. The SDF-1-positive group was more resistant to CRT than the SDF-1-negative group (non-responder rate, 63.5% vs. 47.8%, respectively ; p = 0.12). Overall survival (OS) in the SDF-1 positive group was significantly poorer vs. the SDF-1-negative group (5-year OS, 73.4% vs. 88.0%, respectively ; p = 0.02), and disease-free survival (DFS) was worse (5-year DFS, 61.0% vs. 74.1%, respectively ; p = 0.07). Multivariate analysis confirmed that SDF-1 expression was a significant independent prognostic predictor of OS (p = 0.04). SDF-1 expression after preoperative CRT is significantly associated with a poor prognosis in advanced lower rectal cancer patients and is a promising biomarker.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
Publisher
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
Volume
68
Issue
3-4
Start Page
309
End Page
314
Sort Key
309
Published Date
2021-08
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
University Hospital
Medical Sciences