ID 112184
タイトル別表記
The current state of Slovenian youth empowerment from an educational perspective : An overview of the PUM in Radovljica and its implications lifelong learning
著者
資料タイプ
紀要論文
抄録
本稿は,欧州における若年者支援事業を調査する一環として,雇用と教育の両面から充実した取組が行われているスロヴェニアを取り上げ,特に教育的な観点からの支援の事例を検討することを目的とする。とりわけ焦点化するのは,スロヴェニア国立成人教育研究所が開発し, 1999年より同国全土で実施されているPUM(Projektno učenje za mlajše odrasle)と呼ばれるプロジェクトであり,本稿は2011年3月に筆者が実施した現地調査を概括したものである。スロヴェニアでは,堅調な経済成長の下,若年者支援においても,欧州中部からの影響を受けつつ,雇用と教育の両面より,若者の学校から社会への移行を支えてきた。PUMは,多くの若者を望ましい方向へと導き,若年失業率の低下に貢献する等,顕著な成果を上げている。同国にはまだ解決すべき課題も多いが, EUからも高い評価を得たPUMには,支援者の専門性の重視,対象者の今後の人生を視野に入れた長期的支援,地域住民の力を活かした異世代間交流による支援等,わが国にも大いに参考になる諸要素が含まれている。
抄録別表記
This paper explores one of the most successful projects for youth empowerment in Slovenia called 'PUM/Projektno učenje za mlajše odrasle' or 'PLYA/Project learning for young adults', which was first introduced in 1993 and developed into the current form in 1999. It is a project funded by the central government for vulnerable young people who were unable to complete their formal education for various reasons and/or are unable to compete on the labour market. The project primarily intends to prevent social exclusion, reduce social problems, change negative elements in their environment, develop motivation mechanisms to help these young people reintegrate into education or employment by offering special individual and/or group counselling, various group activities through pedagogical methods and so forth. The study is mainly based on the individual research trip which was funded by the Japanese government and was conducted in Radovljica and Ljubljana by the author in early March, 2011. PUM has been playing a significant role in employment policy measures in Slovenia and it has greatly contributed to reduce the youth unemployment rate, which once rose up sharply under the economic turmoil after the Independence from the former Yugoslavia. At the same time, it has also been providing an integrated work with individual participants whose main goals are completing education. In terms of lifelong learning, it is pointed out that there seem to be some advantages to offer the PUM' s programmes in Radovljica, as there are two places for young people to learn, and one of them is attached to an adult education centre where local residents also gather. This intergenerational atmosphere enables young people to have an opportunity to meet and communicate with local mature students who are older than them, which would be beneficial to enhance various knowledge and skills of young people such as self-confidence in the long term. Furthermore, it seems that it would broaden the perspectives of both young people and young mentors, enabling them to think over their own lives from a long-range standpoint. Although there have been some problems in PUM such as the responsibilities of finance, its project-based status and inconsistent nature, the current practice of PUM has given numerous implications to consider what is essentially required for encouraging vulnerable young people in a transitional period.
掲載誌名
大学開放実践センター紀要
ISSN
09158685
cat書誌ID
AN10362515
出版者
徳島大学大学開放実践センター
21
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
21
並び順
1
発行日
2012-03-31
EDB ID
246470
フルテキストファイル
Thumnail jue_21_1.PDF 14.2 MB
言語
jpn
著者版フラグ
出版社版
部局
大学開放実践センター