exercise is medicine
Crucial problems of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are found worldwide. Elderly people and diabetic patients tend to show less activity or exercise. “Exercise is Medicine” has been known by American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM). From 24 articles with 10948 COVID-19 cases, the prevalence (odds ratio, OR) showed diabetes in 10.0% (2.61), Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 8.0% (4.81), hypertension in 20.0% (2.84), chronic pulmonary disease in 3.0% (3.83). Out of 7337 cases of COVID-19, there were 952 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. The mortality of diabetes vs non-diabetes was 7.8% vs 2.7%, respectively (HR 1.49). Regarding these diabetics, cases with max glucose below 180mg/dL showed 1.1% of mortality, whereas case with above 180mg/dL showed 11.0%. People's lifestyles are changing due to corona infections, and this article is expected to become useful reference for adequate exercise leading to global health.
MOJ Public Health
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