Hirose, Takahisa Toho University
Odawara, Masato Tokyo Medical University
Koshida, Ryusuke Sanofi K.K.
Senda, Masayuki Sanofi K.K.
Tanaka, Yasushi St. Marianna University School of Medicine
Terauchi, Yasuo Yokohama City University
Type 2 diabetes
Chronic kidney disease
Glargine 300 U/mL
Aims: This study investigated the hypoglycemia risk in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who initiated or switched to insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) by stratifying them by age and renal function.
Methods: We examined data from 4621 people with T2D (1227 insulin-naïve and 3394 insulin-experienced) of the X-STAR study, a prospective, observational, 12-month study conducted from December 2015 to August 2018 in Japan. Participants were stratified by age (<65, 65 to <75, and ≥75 years) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (≥90, 60 to <90, 30 to <60, and <30 mL/min/1.73 m2). Hypoglycemia was defined according to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare manual of Japan.
Results: No apparent increase in the proportion of people who experienced hypoglycemia was found in all subgroups. The proportions were 2.9–3.5% and 2.7–5.2% of insulin-naïve and insulin-experienced people, respectively, for age subgroups, and 2.4–4.7% and 4.6–4.8%, respectively, for eGFR subgroups. The result was similar for HbA1c levels below and at or above 7.0% in all age subgroups.
Conclusions: Our study found no apparent increase in the hypoglycemia risk in people with older age and renal impairment who were administered Gla-300. These results would provide reassuring information on Gla-300 use.
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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