直近一年間の累計
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ID 114743
著者
中西, 信人 Tokushima University
Takashima, Takuya Tokushima University
キーワード
muscle atrophy
diaphragm
ultrasound
physical therapy
electrical muscular stimulation
資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
抄録
Critically ill patients exhibit prominent muscle atrophy, which occurs rapidly after ICU admission and leads to poor clinical outcomes. The extent of atrophy differs among muscles as follows: upper limb: 0.7%–2.4% per day, lower limb: 1.2%–3.0% per day, and diaphragm 1.1%–10.9% per day. This atrophy is caused by numerous risk factors such as inflammation, immobilization, nutrition, hyperglycemia, medication, and mechanical ventilation. Muscle atrophy should be monitored noninvasively by ultrasound at the bedside. Ultrasound can assess muscle mass in most patients, although physical assessment is limited to almost half of all critically ill patients due to impaired consciousness. Important strategies to prevent muscle atrophy are physical therapy and electrical muscular stimulation. Electrical muscular stimulation is especially effective for patients with limited physical therapy. Regarding diaphragm atrophy, mechanical ventilation should be adjusted to maintain spontaneous breathing and titrate inspiratory pressure. However, the sufficient timing and amount of nutritional intervention remain unclear. Further investigation is necessary to prevent muscle atrophy and improve long-term outcomes.
掲載誌名
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
cat書誌ID
AA12022913
AA11166929
出版者
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
67
1-2
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
10
並び順
1
発行日
2020-02
EDB ID
出版社版DOI
出版社版URL
フルテキストファイル
言語
eng
著者版フラグ
出版社版
部局
病院