Tokushima Plan for Promotion of Measures Against Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Diseases
佐田, 政隆 徳島大学|徳島県循環器病対策推進協議会 徳島大学 教育研究者総覧 KAKEN研究者をさがす
Healthy life expectancy
Cerebrovascular diseases including stroke and cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in Japan, which together account for 23.2% of the total number of deaths in 2018. The major causes of the need for long-term care in Japan are also cerebrovascular disease（16.1%）and cardiovascular disease（4.5%）, which together account for more than one-fifth of the total. Medical expenses for both cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease account for ≈20% of the total, which is the highest by injury/illness classification.
The Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease Control Act, of Japanese national law, was promulgated by a legislative act on December 14, 2018, and enacted on December 1, 2019. On the basis of the Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease Control Act, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan, published the Japanese National Plan for Promotion of Measures Against Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease on October 27, 2020. It has indicated both problems in the current situation and individual measures to address the problems. The Japanese National Plan includes 3 major measures : spreading awareness of prevention measures and accurate information on cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease ; enhancing service provision systems related to health, medical care, and welfare services ; and promoting research on cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease.
The 2 main goals of the Japanese National Plan are to extend healthy life expectancy by 3 years by 2040 compared with 2016 and to decrease age-adjusted mortality of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease. The average life expectancy and healthy life expectancy for both men and women increased by 0.67 to 1.72 years from 2010 to 2016 in Japan. In 2016, the unhealthy period which is defined as differences between healthy life expectancy（men, 72.14 years ; women, 74.49 years）and average life expectancy（men, 80.98 years ; women, 87.14 years）was large : ≈8.8 years for men and ≈12.4 years for women. Therefore, extending healthy life expectancy is a primary goal of the Japanese National Plan.
Based on this national plan, the Tokushima Plan for Promotion of Measures Against Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Diseases is developed through the meetings of the Tokushima Council for Promotion of Measures Against Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Diseases, parliamentary associated meetings, and public comments. The council is composed of patients with cerebrovascular or cardiovascular disease ; those engaged in emergency services and health, medical, or welfare services ; and those with academic experience. Here, we describe outline of the Tokushima Plan for Promotion of Measures Against Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular Disease.
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