ID 106029
Author
Koshimizu, Takako Faculty of Sports and Health Science, Fukuoka University
Matsushima, Yoshiko Department of Nutrition, School of Health and Nutrition, Tokai Gakuen University
Yokota, Yukari Graduate School of Sports Science, Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences
Yanagisawa, Kae Faculty of Nutrition Science, Sagami Women’s University
Nagai, Satsuki Yokohama Minami Kyosai Hospital
Okamura, Koji Graduate School of Sports Science, Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences
Komatsu, Yutaka Department of Sports Medicine, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences
Kawahara, Takashi Department of Sports Medicine, Japan Institute of Sports Sciences
Keywords
basal metabolic rate
elite male athletes
body composition
sports characteristics
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
The estimated energy requirement is important for adequate nutritional management in athletes. The energy requirement can be estimated from the basal metabolic rate (BMR). However, there is little data regarding the BMR of Japanese athletes. This study measured the BMR and body composition of 81 elite Japanese male athletes in different sports categories : endurance (E), strength, power and sprint (S) and ball game (B). The factors influencing the BMR were also investigated. The BMR and body composition were measured by indirect calorimetry and an air-displacement plentysmograph device (the BOD POD), respectively. The BMR per lean body mass (LBM) differed significantly among the three groups. The BMR was significantly correlated with the body weight (BW) and LBM in all groups. A multiple-regression analysis showed that the LBM was the most powerful predictor in the E and S groups, whereas the BW was the most powerful predictor in the B group. The BW appears to become an important predictor as the BW of athletes increases. Additionally, height was the second explanatory variable in the S and B groups, thus suggesting that height needs to be considered for the BMR in these groups. Therefore, the BMR in elite athletes needs to be estimated according to their body composition.
Journal Title
The journal of medical investigation : JMI
ISSN
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
Volume
59
Issue
3-4
Start Page
253
End Page
260
Sort Key
253
Published Date
2012-08
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher