ID 109523
Author
Shikanai, Saiko Ochanomizu University Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences
Koung Ry, Ly Asian Nutrition and Food Culture Research Center, Jumonji University
Takeichi, Hitomi Asian Nutrition and Food Culture Research Center, Jumonji University|Kobe Gakuin University, Faculty of Nutrition
Suzuki, Emiko Ochanomizu University Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences
Pann, San Asian Nutrition and Food Culture Research Center, Jumonji University|Asian Nutrition and Food Research Center
Sarukura, Nobuko Asian Nutrition and Food Culture Research Center, Jumonji University|National Institute of Health and Nutrition
Kamoshita, Sumiko Asian Nutrition and Food Culture Research Center, Jumonji University
Yamamoto, Shigeru Asian Nutrition and Food Culture Research Center, Jumonji University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory
Keywords
Cambodia
Japan
children
sugar intake
energy intake
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Because of the tastiness of sugars, it is easy to consume more than an adequate amount. There are many research reports that excess sugar intake contributes to dental decay, obesity, diabetes etc. Continuing economic development in Cambodia has made it easier than before for people to consume sugars in their daily life. Currently, isomerized sugar (a mixture of glucose and fructose) made from starches is commonly used in commercial beverages because of its low price. However, in Cambodia and Japan, sugar composition
tables that include not only sucrose but also glucose, fructose, lactose and maltose have not been available. Prior to the present nutrition surveys, we made sugar composition tables for both countries. In this study we tried to estimate the intakes of various sugars by children in Cambodia and Japan and to determine the relationship between intake and body weight. Nutrition surveys of children aged 7, 10 and 13 years old were conducted for 3 nonconsecutive days by the 24 h recall method in 89 Cambodian children living in the capital city of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, and 151 Japanese children living in 3 prefectures
from north to south. Height and weight of children in Cambodia and Japan were similar until 10 years old but at 13 years old, the Cambodians were shorter and lighter than the Japanese.We could not observe any differences in BMI in either country. The sugar intakes from beverages and snacks were not different among the different gender and age.
Thus we combined the mean total sugar intake for Cambodian and Japanese, 28.42±25.28 g and 25.69±16.16 g respectively. These were within the range of WHO recommendations (less than 10% of energy intakes). Cambodian children consumed about 46% of sugars from commercial beverages and snacks and Japanese children 26%. This means that for Cambodians half of the sugars came from isomerized sugar made from starches. Relationships between sugar intake and body weight were not observed in both countries. In conclusion,
the Cambodian children consumed about 46% of sugar from glucose and fructose (probably in the form of isomerized sugar), while the Japanese children took 26% ; however, the intakes in both countries met the WHO recommendation and there was no relationship to body weight.
Journal Title
The journal of medical investigation : JMI
ISSN
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
Volume
61
Issue
1-2
Start Page
72
End Page
78
Sort Key
72
Published Date
2014-02
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences