ID 109548
Title Transcription
バンドウ フリョ シュウヨウジョ ノ ドイツヘイ ガ オオアサヒコ ジンジャ ケイダイ ニ ツクッタ ハシ ト コウエン
Title Alternative
Bridges and a Park Made by German Prisoners in The Bandō Prisoner-of-War (POW) Camp
Author
Tanegashima, Eri Ooasahiko-Jinja Shrine
Amita, Katsuaki Tokushima Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries Technology Support Center
Keywords
Adolf Deutschmann
Bando
Bandō prisoner-of-war camp
German Bridge
Deutsche Kriegsgefangenenlager
“Die Baracke”
Glasses Bridge
Johann Gregorczyk
Karsten Suhr
Max Bunge
Ooasahiko-Jinja Shrine
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Description
German prisoners in the Bandō prisoner-of-war (POW) camp made bridges and a park in the forest of the Ooasahiko-Jinja Shrine during 1917-1919. Details of the constructions were a 15 m-long wood bridge and five small wood bridges, four stone bridges, road with a total length of 1,130 m, stone embankments, slopes, two flights of stone steps with a length of 8 m and 3 m according to the record written by Adolf Deutschmann who planned and directed the work. Two stone bridges called Doitsu-bashi (German bridge) and Megane-bashi (glasses bridge) remain and the Doitsu-bashi has been designated as a cultural asset of Tokushima prefecture.
However, other constructions have been disappeared or became unclear now. In this study, we tried to clarify their precise place and history using an old map of the Ooasahiko-Jinja Shrine, photos and pictures of German prisoners, and interview to an old resident who participated in improvement of the forest around 1970. Results
indicated that the road and the stone bridge still remain in some part.
In addition to Adolf Deutschmann we found that Max Bunge was an important member of the work. He has not been noticed in previous studies of the Bandō POW camp, although he was a famous person in the German community in Qingdao by some heroic behaviors, and that he became a mayor of his hometown Heiligenhafen after he was released from the camp. He wrote about beautiful nature of the shrine’s forest and about his sympathy to faith of Japanese pilgrims who he saw during construction work.
Journal Title
徳島大学地域科学研究
ISSN
21867720
NCID
AA12560198
Volume
5
Start Page
10
End Page
32
Sort Key
10
Published Date
2015-12
EDB ID
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Bioscience and Bioindustry
Integrated Arts and Sciences