ID 109829
Title Transcription
トクシマ ダイガク ビョウイン セイシンカ シンケイカ ニュウイン カンジャ ニ タイスル コウクウ ケア ノ イギ
Title Alternative
Significance of Oral Care for Inpatients with Psychiatric Diseases in the Tokushima University Hospital
Author
Omori, Mayuko Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry
Aota, Keiko Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Yamamura, Yoshiko Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Yamada, Yuko Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry
Kani, Koichi Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Takano, Hideyuki Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Motegi, Katsumi Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry
Momota, Yukihiro Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Matsumoto, Fumihiro Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Azuma, Masayuki Department of Oral Medicine, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate Faculty of Dentistry Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Keywords
専門的口腔ケア
精神疾患
口腔衛生状態
誤嚥性肺炎
発熱日数
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
For patients with mental diseases, safe food-intake and the maintenance of good oral hygiene become difficult due to a decline in the ability of daily livings. In addition, a majority of patients suffer from the lack of reflection of both deglutition and cough as well as clinical silent aspiration, resulting from the extrapyramidal symptom (EPS) caused by antipsychotics.
In this clinical study, we evaluated the oral environment in 10 inpatients with psychiatry neurology, and examined the usefulness of professional oral care. They were divided into 2 groups: the physical restriction group (restriction group) and the non-physical restriction group (control group), followed by the estimation of the conditions of oral hygiene and the days accompanied by fever, one of the symptoms of aspiration-related pneumonia, before and after professional oral care intervention.
As a result, restriction group had poor oral hygiene condition as compared to the control group. After professional oral care intervention, oral hygiene condition was significantly improved in the restriction group, and reached to the same levels as in the control group. The days with fever were 7.3 and 5.0 days per month in the restriction group before and after the intervention, respectively. In the control group, those were 0.6 and 0 day per month before and after intervention, respectively. The cause of the difference in days with fever between 2 groups was considered to be the effect of clinical silent aspiration by EPS induced by antipsychotics.
The professional oral care contributed to the improvement of the oral hygiene in inpatients with psychiatry neurology, resulting in the reduction of aspiration-related pneumonia. Therefore, the role of dentistry in the field of psychiatry neurology would be inevitable in the future.
Journal Title
四国歯学会雑誌
ISSN
09146091
NCID
AN10050046
Publisher
四国歯学会
Volume
25
Issue
2
Start Page
55
End Page
60
Sort Key
55
Published Date
2013-01-31
Remark
P.55著者英語表記を Kani, Kouiti から Kani, Koichi、
Motegi, Katumi から Motegi, Katsumi、
Matumoto, Fumihiro から Matsumoto, Fumihiro へ書き換えた。
EDB ID
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
University Hospital
Oral Sciences