ID 110728
Author
Yonezu, Hiroshi Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Medicine, Shikoku Chuo Hospital
Takata, Shinjiro Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The University of Tokushima School of Medicine
Shibata, Akira Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokushima
Keywords
sciatic neurectomy
bone mineral density
pQCT
FTIR
bone strength
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
We studied the effects of unilateral sciatic neurectomy (USN) on the development of the femoral shaft in the 30 growing Wistar-derived rats aged 5 weeks. Rats were allocated to three groups. One of these was immediately used for measurements, and the remaining 2 groups underwent USN of internal control. Specimens obtained from each group were divided into 2 subgroups : left femurs of each group served as the control subgroup (CONT) and right femurs from each group as the USN-operated subgroup (USN-OP). The bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), bone area, periosteal circumference and endosteal circumference were measured by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and the mineral /matrix ratio was evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). A three-point bending test was performed to analyze the biomechanical effects of sciatic neurectomy. USN-OP showed a significant decrease in cortical BMC, bone area, and periosteal circumference compared with CONT. The mineral /matrix ratio of cortical bone did not differ significantly between USN-OP and CONT. Strength and stiffness were significantly decreased in USN-OP compared with CONT. The results showed that USN inhibited periosteal bone formation, but has no significant effects on the mineral /matrix ratio of cortical bone in femurs.
Journal Title
The journal of medical investigation : JMI
ISSN
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
Volume
51
Issue
1-2
Start Page
96
End Page
102
Sort Key
96
Published Date
2004-02
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences