ID 110756
Author
Ito, Hiromichi Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School KAKEN Search Researchers
Mori, Kenji Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Hashimoto, Toshiaki Department of Education for the Disabled, Faculty of School Education, Naruto University of Education
Miyazaki, Masahito Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School
Hori, Ayuko Department of Radiologic Technology, School of Health Science, The University of Tokushima
Kagami, Shoji Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Kuroda, Yasuhiro Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory
Keywords
99mTc-ECD SPECT
high-functioning autism
rCBF
3DSRT
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
The aim of this study is confirmation of an abnormal regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) pattern in high-functioning autism (HFA). Confirmation of an abnormal rCBF pattern in HFA may be useful for elucidate of its pathophysiology and a differential diagnosis, such as with attention-deficit / hyper activity disorder (AD/HD).Brain 99mTc-ECDSPECTwas performed in 16 cases of HFA. The HFA group consisted of 16 cases of HFA. They were all male, with an IQ of 76~126. They had normal brain MRI findings, and had an age of 9~14 years. We examined abnormal rCBF in HFA by comparing the results to those in the control group. The control group consisted of 1male and 4 females cryptogenic epilepsy patients with normal intelligence. They have no problems in learning at school or mental or behavioral traits. They had normal brain MRI or SPECT findings, and had an age of 7~15 years. 3-dimensional stereotactic ROI template (3DSRT) was used to analyze SPECT data. We calculated the ‘relative rCBF (%)’ (RI count of each segment ×100 / Sum of RI count of the corresponding hemisphere), and compared the values between the two groups. We found a significantly low ‘relative rCBF (%)’ in the left temporal region in the HFA group. We also calculated the ‘L/R ratio’ (the ‘relative rCBF(%)’ of a segment on the left side / the ‘relative rCBF (%)’ of the corresponding segment on the right side), and compared the value for each segment between the two groups. There were no significant differences in any segments between the two groups. We also checked for differences in the ‘relative rCBF (%)’ between segments on the right side and corresponding segments on the left side in both the HFA and control groups. We found significant rightltleft perfusion in the angular region and significant leftltright perfusion in the pericallosal, thalamus, and hippocampus region in the HFA group. We also found significant rightltleft perfusion in the temporal region in the control group. Significant hypoperfusion in the left temporal region due to an unidentified underlying brain pathology and abnormal laterality in the angular, temporal (lack of rightltleft perfusion), pericallosal, thalamus, and hippocampus regions may influence the symptoms of autism.
Journal Title
The journal of medical investigation : JMI
ISSN
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
Volume
52
Issue
1-2
Start Page
49
End Page
56
Sort Key
49
Published Date
2005-02
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences