ID 111099
Author
Yamamoto, Kiyotake Tokushima University
Tokashiki, Natsumi Tokushima University
Kobayashi, Makoto Tokushima University
Keywords
glucagon secretion
pancreatic α-cells
PKCδ
streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Accumulating evidence supports the “glucagonocentric hypothesis”, in which antecedent α-cell failure and inhibition of glucagon secretion are responsible for diabetes progression. Protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in glucagon secretion from α-cells, although which PKC isozyme is involved and the mechanism underlying this PKC-regulated glucagon secretion remains unknown. Here, the involvement of PKCδ in the onset and progression of diabetes was elucidated. Immunofluorescence studies revealed that PKCδ was expressed and activated in α-cells of STZ-induced diabetic model mice. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) stimulation significantly augmented glucagon secretion from isolated islets. Pre-treatment with quercetin and rottlerin, PKCδ signaling inhibitors, significantly suppressed the PMA-induced elevation of glucagon secretion. While Go6976, a Ca2+ - dependent PKC selective inhibitor did not suppress glucagon secretion. Quercetin suppressed PMA-induced phosphorylation of Tyr311 of PKCδ in isolated islets. However, quercetin itself had no effect on either glucagon secretion or glucagon mRNA expression. Our data suggest that PKCδ signaling inhibitors suppressed glucagon secretion. Elucidation of detailed signaling pathways causing PKCδ activation in the onset and progression of diabetes followed by the augmentation of glucagon secretion could lead to the identification of novel therapeutic target molecules and the development of novel therapeutic drugs for diabetes.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
AA12022913
Publisher
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
Volume
64
Issue
1-2
Start Page
122
End Page
128
Sort Key
122
Published Date
2017-02
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Institute of Advanced Medical Sciences