ID 111350
Author
Inenaga, Kiyotoshi Kyushu Dental College
Inangaki, Tomohiro Kyushu Dental College
Hosokawa, Ryuji Kyushu Dental College
Ono, Kentaro Kyushu Dental College
Keywords
parotid saliva
tooth brushing
the Bass method
Content Type
Others
Description
The act of brushing teeth induces salivary secretion (1). However, there is no evidence to show which particular regions of the teeth and oral cavity in brushing induces the most effective salivary secretion. We investigated the effects of tooth brushing in different oral regions on parotid salivary secretion in humans. Saliva was collected using a modified Lashley cup. Brushing of the gingival margin was performed according to the Bass method, which may stimulate periodontal mechanoreceptors. The occulsal surface of the molars, gingiva, tongue, and palatal rugae were also brushed with a toothbrush. Compared to the flow rate of saliva from the unstimulated parotid gland, the salivary flow rates were enhanced when every oral region was brushed. The flow rate produced by brushing the palatal gingival margin of the ipsilateral maxillary molars was greater than that produced by brushing the occlusal surface of ipsilateral maxillary molars and palatal gingiva beside the molars. The flow was also significantly greater than that produced by brushing the palatal gingival margins of the contralateral maxillary molars, the maxillary/mandibular incisors, the dorsum of tongue and the palatal rugae. No significant difference was observed between brushing the gingival margins of the ipsilateral maxillary versus mandibular molars. These data indicate that brushing the gingival margin of molars is the most effective region to stimulate parotid saliva secretion. This likely activates periodontal mechanoreceptors, and this technique may be a simple way to improve salivary secretion in oral rehabilitation. The degree of salivary secretion caused by brushing the teeth is specific to particular oral regions. Brushing of the gingival margins is the most effective location to induce parotid salivary secretion.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
AA12022913
Publisher
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
Volume
56
Issue
Supplement
Start Page
277
End Page
277
Sort Key
277
Published Date
2009-12
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher