ID 111354
Author
Javkhlan, Purevjav The University of Tokushima
Azlina, Ahmad The University of Tokushima
Keywords
Calprotectin
LPS
salivary gland
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Calprotectin is a major cytosolic calcium-binding protein of leukocytes which belongs to the S100 protein family. S100A8 and S100A9, major types of calprotectin are heterodimeric complexes being composed of light- and heavy-chain subunits. The calprotectin levels in the plasma, feces, synovial fluid, gingival crevicular fluid, dental calculus and saliva change when the host animal suffers from several inflammatory diseases. Members of Toll-like receptor (TLR) family are pattern-recognition receptors for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and other pathogens. Here we examined if the biological role of TLR receptor is reflected to the calprotectin expression in the salivary gland. Time course study by using real-time RT-PCR detected higher levels of S100A8 and S100A9 mRNA at 1.5-3 h after injection of LPS in both the submandibular gland (SMG) and parotid gland (PG) of C3H/HeN mice but not in the same tissues of C3H/HeJ, a TLR-4 mutant strain, indicating that this induction is mediated via the TLR-4. These results indicate that, an inflammatory marker, calprotectin, is expressed in the mouse salivary gland and that LPS stimulated its synthesis. Calprotectin (S100A8/A9) showed minimum expression in all cellular segments in the SMG except excretory duct cells, which showed strong signal at the cytoplasm. LPS induced their expressions in the granular convoluted tubular cells and striated duct cells. In the PG, these proteins were expressed very weakly in both duct and acinar cells with a little stronger staining for the former cells. LPS injection induced calprotectin (S100A8/A9) in both duct and acinar cells especially in the former cells.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
AA12022913
Publisher
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
Volume
56
Issue
Supplement
Start Page
287
End Page
289
Sort Key
287
Published Date
2009-12
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Institute of Advanced Medical Sciences
Oral Sciences
Bioscience and Bioindustry