Wada, Keizo Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory
Takasago, Tomoya Tokushima University
Hamada, Daisuke Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Sairyo, Koichi Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Thesis or Dissertation
Purpose: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) presents a considerable surgical challenge in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Although the usefulness of computed tomography (CT)-based navigation in cup alignment has been reported, few reports have evaluated three-dimensional (3-D) cup positioning against the acetabulum specifically in patients with DDH. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a CT-based navigation system for alignment and spatial positioning of the cup in THA for patients with DDH. Methods: We reviewed 174 DDH THA cases in which CT-based navigation was used, and 75 cases in which a mechanical guide was used as a control group. Postoperative cup alignment and spatial positioning were evaluated by superimposition of a 3-D cup template onto the actual implanted cup using postoperative CT images, with pelvic coordinates matching the preoperative planning. Results: The proportion within the combined target zone (inclination and anteversion) was 97.7% in the navigation group and 61.3% in the non-navigation group. The mean absolute error between the intraoperative record and the postoperative measurement was 1.5° ± 1.3° for inclination and 2.1° ± 1.8° for anteversion in the navigation group. For acetabular cup positioning, the mean discrepancy between the preoperative planning and the postoperative measurements was 1.9+1.6 mm on the transverse axis, 2.8 ± 2.3 mm on the longitudinal axis, and 1.7 ± 1.3 mm on the sagittal axis. Conclusion: THA using a CT-based navigation system achieved quite high accuracy of cup alignment angles and spatial cup positioning in primary THA for patients with DDH.
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
本論文は, 著者Takahiko Tsutsuiの学位論文として提出され, 学位審査・授与の対象となっている。
© The Author(s) 2017 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 3.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).
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k3127_abstract_review.pdf 397 KB
k3127_fulltext.pdf 324 KB
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Doctor of Medical Science