ID 111478
Author
Bovell, Douglas L Glasgow Caledonian University
Kofler, Barbara Paracelsus Medical University
Lang, Roland Paracelsus Medical University
Keywords
proteinase activated receptors
eccrine sweat glands
ussing chamber
immunofluorescence
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Serine proteases can induce cell signaling by stimulating G-protein-coupled receptors, called proteinase-activated receptors (PAR’s) on a variety of epithelial cells. While PAR-2, one such receptor, activates cell signaling in a secretory cell line derived from human sweat glands, there was no information on their presence and effects on intact sweat glands. PAR-2 presence and activation of eccrine sweat glands isolated from human skin samples was investigated using Western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy (EM) and Ca2+ imaging. Anti-human PAR-2 antibody demonstrated the presence of these receptors in eccrine sweat glands. EM showed that PAR-2 activation resulted in degranulation of secretory cells. Ca2+ imaging using PAR-2 activators demonstrated a two phase increase in [Ca2+]i which was dependent on extracellular Ca2+ for the second phase, and that the response could be blocked by prior incubation with xestospongin, the IP3 receptor blocker. The results demonstrated that PAR-2 receptors are present in human sweat gland secretory cells and that these receptors are functionally active and can induce changes associated with secretory events in eccrine glands.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
AA12022913
Publisher
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
Volume
56
Issue
Supplement
Start Page
371
End Page
374
Sort Key
371
Published Date
2009-12
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher