ID 111520
Author
Furochi, Harumi The University of Tokushima
Tamura, Seiko The University of Tokushima
Takeshima, Kayo The University of Tokushima
Hirasaka, Katsuya The University of Tokushima KAKEN Search Researchers
Keywords
denervation
fibrosis
matrix metalloproteases
osteoactivin-transgenic mice
skeletal muscle
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
We have previously shown that osteoactivin, a type I membrane glycoprotein expressed in myofibers, upregulated expression of matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-3 and MMP-9 in fibroblasts infiltrated denervated skeletal muscle in mice. To address whether osteoactivin-mediated increase in MMPs in skeletal muscle is useful for regeneration of denervated skeletal muscle, we subjected osteoactivin-transgenic mice to long-term denervation for 70 or 90 days. Long-term denervation caused severe degeneration of myofibers and fibrosis in skeletal muscle of wild-type mice. However, overexpression of osteoactivin protected skeletal muscle from such changes. Infiltration of fibroblast-like cells and collagen deposition were sustained at low levels after long-term denervation in skeletal muscle of osteoactivin-transgenic mice. This cytoprotective effect of osteoactivin was supported by the expression of regeneration/degeneration-associated genes in the gastrocnemius muscle during denervation. Denervation significantly upregulated the expression of anti-fibrotic genes, such as glypican-1 and decorin-1, in the gastrocnemius muscle of osteoactivin-transgenic mice, compared with wild-type mice. In contrast, overexpression of osteoactivin caused a significant reduction in denervation-induced expression of elongation factor 1A-1, an indicator for the persistence of degenerated cells. Our results suggest that an osteoactivin-mediated increase in MMPs in skeletal muscle might be useful for protecting injured muscle from fibrosis, leading to full regeneration after denervation.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
AA12022913
Publisher
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
Volume
54
Issue
3-4
Start Page
248
End Page
254
Sort Key
248
Published Date
2007-08
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences