ID 111984
Author
Takeda, Maki Tokushima University
Oyama, Keisuke Osaka University
Keywords
tert-butylhydroquinone
Food additive
Membrane potential
Lymphocytes
Calcium
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) is a food additive and has various beneficial actions under in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to collect additional data on the toxicity of TBHQ in order to avoid adverse effects during clinical applications. Changes in plasma membrane potential are associated with changes in physiological functions even in non-excitable cells such as lymphocytes. Thus, compounds that affect membrane potential may modify some lymphocytic functions. The effect of TBHQ on plasma membrane potential was examined in rat thymocytes using flow cytometric techniques. Treatment of rat thymocytes with TBHQ caused hyperpolarization and then depolarization. The TBHQ-induced hyperpolarization was due to the activation of Ca2+-dependent K+ channels. TBHQ elevated intracellular Ca2+ levels. The depolarization by TBHQ was caused by a nonspecific increase in membrane ionic permeability. Both the sustained depolarization and elevation of intracellular Ca2+ level by TBHQ are thought to be adverse for thymocytes because such changes disturb membrane and intracellular signaling. The thymus is most active during neonatal and pre-adolescent periods. If TBHQ exerts adverse actions on thymocytes, it may result in an immunotoxic effect in neonates and adolescents.
Journal Title
Food and Chemical Toxicology
ISSN
02786915
NCID
AA10627174
AA11526376
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
109
Issue
Part 1
Start Page
296
End Page
301
Published Date
2017-09-09
Rights
© 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Author
departments
Bioscience and Bioindustry