ID 111987
Author
Ikeda, Mizuki Tokushima University
Deguchi, Junji Tokushima University
Fukushima, Shota Tokushima University
Qingyu, Ai Tokushima University
Katayama, Norihiko Tokushima University|Tohoku University
Keywords
Chlorothalonil
Intracellular Zn2+
Nonprotein thiol
Cytotoxicity
Lymphocyte
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Chlorothalonil, a polychlorinated aromatic fungicide, is considered non-toxic to small mammals. However, chlorothalonil inactivates sulfhydryl enzymes and depletes cellular glutathione. Chlorothalonil increases intracellular Zn2+ concentration ([Zn2+]i) in mammalian cells possibly because intracellular Zn2+ is released via zinc-thiol/disulfide interchange. The effects of chlorothalonil at sublethal concentrations on the cellular content of nonprotein thiols ([NPT]i) and [Zn2+]i were examined using flow cytometry in rat thymocytes. Low concentrations (0.3–1 μM) of chlorothalonil increased, but high concentrations (3–10 μM) decreased [NPT]i. These effects of chlorothalonil were partly attenuated by an intracellular Zn2+ chelator. Chlorothalonil at 0.3–10 μM increased [Zn2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner, which was largely dependent on the release of intracellular Zn2+. Both the decrease in [NPT]i and increase in [Zn2+]i increase the vulnerability of cells to oxidative stress. Chlorothalonil at 1–10 μM potentiated the cytotoxicity of H2O2 (300 μM). It was also the case for 10 μM pentachloronitrobenzene, but not 10 μM pentachlorophenol. In conclusion, chlorothalonil at low (sublethal) micromolar concentrations is cytotoxic to mammalian cells under oxidative stress.
Journal Title
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
ISSN
13826689
NCID
AA1107880X
AA11526671
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
59
Start Page
61
End Page
65
Published Date
2018-03-08
Rights
© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Author
departments
Integrated Arts and Sciences
Bioscience and Bioindustry