ID 112230
Title Alternative
Trend of dioxin exposure and health effects
Author
Keywords
Dioxins
Diabetes
Insulin resistance
Metabolic syndrome
Gout
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
The author reviewed recent reports about the blood levels and dietary intake of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs)/furans (PCDFs)/dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) to investigate the trends of dioxin exposure, and epidemiologic studies on the associations of blood levels of dioxins with metabolic diseases. In recent years, dietary intake of dioxins has been decreasing, and the means are equal to or less than 1.0 pg Toxic Equivalents (TEQ)/kg/day in the general populations of several countries. The blood levels of dioxins are also decreasing, probably because of reduced dietary intake. Many cross-sectional studies reported positive associations between blood levels of some isomers or TEQ-based concentrations of PCDDs/PCDFs/DL-PCBs and diabetes in general populations. Three cohort studies on populations with heavy exposure and two nested case-control studies on general populations have also been published, but the results are inconsistent. Three large-scale cross-sectional studies and two cohort studies reported an association between blood levels of some isomers or TEQ-based concentrations of PCDDs/PCDFs/DL-PCBs and metabolic syndrome. In addition, three cross-sectional studies reported significant positive associations with gout/hyperuricemia. Further prospective studies and experimental studies are needed to establish cause-effect relationships, and to clarify the biological mechanisms for the association between background exposure to dioxins and potential health effects.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA12022913
AA11166929
Publisher
Faculty of Medicine Tokushima University
Volume
65
Issue
3-4
Start Page
151
End Page
161
Sort Key
151
Published Date
2018-08
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences