Effects of testosterone injection
Iwasa, Takeshi Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Yano, Kiyohito Tokushima University
Yanagihara, Rie Tokushima University
Mayila, Yiliyasi Tokushima University
The effects of androgens on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in females have not been fully established. To clarify the direct effects of androgens on hypothalamic reproductive factors, we evaluated the effects of chronic testosterone administration on hypothalamic GnRH regulatory factors in ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. Both testosterone and estradiol reduced the serum luteinizing hormone levels of OVX female rats, indicating that, as has been found for estrogen, testosterone suppresses GnRH secretion via negative feedback. Similarly, the administration of testosterone or estradiol suppressed the hypothalamic mRNA levels of kisspeptin and neurokinin B, both of which are positive regulators of GnRH, whereas it did not affect the hypothalamic mRNA levels of the kisspeptin receptor or neurokinin 3 receptor. On the contrary, the administration of testosterone, but not estradiol, suppressed the hypothalamic mRNA expression of prodynorphin, which is a negative regulator of GnRH. The administration of testosterone did not alter the rats’ serum estradiol levels, indicating that testosterone’s effects on hypothalamic factors might be induced by its androgenic activity. These findings suggest that as well as estrogen, androgens have negative feedback effects on GnRH in females and that the underlying mechanisms responsible for these effects are similar, but do not completely correspond, to the mechanisms underlying the effects of estrogen on GnRH.
Taylor & Francis
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Gynecological Endocrinology on 29/11/2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09513590.2017.1409709.
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