ID 112921
Title Alternative
Effects of structured written disclosure of trauma on physical and mental function : Examinations on adding of assumed letter writing and the written content.
Author
Sakamoto, Wakako
Keywords
trauma
structured disclosure
assumed letter writing
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Description
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the structured written disclosure of the trauma on physical and mental functioning, adding “assumed letter writing”. In this method, individuals write letters assuming others who understand their feelings and thoughts. It is expected to further distance from the traumatic events. In addition, it was also examined whether the written content related functioning. The participants were randomly assigned to three groups and received three times of writing sessions of 20 minutes once a week: the structured disclosure group(n=6), the free disclosure group(n=7) and the control group(n=7). Results indicated that the degree of the distancing in the structured disclosure group tended to be significantly higher than that of the free disclosure group, but significant interaction was not obtained. Although all participants in groups improved mental and physical functioning after two-week of disclosure, the differences on groups and effects of the interaction were not significant. The written content analyses suggested that the more insight words tended to increase, the better the physical health was in only the structured disclosure group. To summarize the above, it was suggested that the procedures related to the “assumed letter writing” to take the distance from the traumatic events in this study were not enough. Further examination of the instruction of structuring is needed in future. The result of this study was discussed by theoretical framework.
Journal Title
Journal of Human Sciences
ISSN
24333484
NCID
AA12817137
Publisher
徳島大学大学院社会産業理工学研究部
Volume
26
Start Page
12
End Page
31
Sort Key
2
Published Date
2018
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Integrated Arts and Sciences