ID 113147
Title Alternative
Trouble to education and research activities of rookie faculty member who work in the 4 year university nursing program
新人教員の教育・研究活動に対する悩み
Author
Kataoka, Mika Gifu College of Nursing KAKEN Search Researchers
Nishiyama, Yukari Meiji University of Integrative Medicine
Ichie, Kazuko Seirei Christopher University
Keywords
新人教員
教育研究活動の悩み
novice faculty members
problems in teaching and research
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
本研究の目的は,新人教員が認識している教育および研究活動に対する悩みを明らかにすることである.
調査対象は,全国の看護系大学に勤務する新人教員とした.調査方法は,郵送による自由記載方式の質問紙調査である.倫理的配慮として,調査の趣旨,守秘義務および調査目的以外の使用,個人情報等の保護を調査依頼文で説明し,調査に同意を得られた場合に記入後,返送してもらった.69名から回答があり,平均年齢31.7歳であった.分析は,教育および研究活動に対する悩みが記載されている文章を対象とした.記載内容については,文章単位とし,意味内容の類似性に従いカテゴリ化し,タイトルをつけた.分析の結果,カテゴリは20抽出した.≪教育活動に対する悩み≫6カテゴリ,≪実習に対する悩み≫8カテゴリ,≪研究活動に対する悩み≫6カテゴリに分類できた.教育活動では,講義,演習,実習に関わらず教育方法や指導方法などの具体的な方法に関する悩みを抱えていた.またそれ以外に,上司などとの関係の悩みがあった.研究活動では,研究方法に関するものが最も多く,不本位な研究を行うこと,研究者としての経験および力不足に関する悩みが上位を占めた.
新人教員は,教育・研究活動を行うための具体的な方法に自信がみられなかった.また上司との関係や関係機関との調整と,教育・研究の両方の役割を担う者としての経験不足と力不足に悩んでいることが推察された.それらを視野に入れた支援の必要性が示唆された.
Description Alternative
PURPOSE : This study was designed to identify the problems in teaching and research that novice faculty members face in university nursing programs.
METHODS : A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to novice faculty members holding appointments in university nursing programs. Mean age of the subjects (n=69) was 31.7 years. A semi-structured instrument was developed to identify difficulties encountered by the subjects in teaching and research activities. Also their unstructured written comments were analyzed. The cover letter to potential respondents clearly indicated that informed consent was assumed on completion and return of the questionnaire.
RESULTS : The subjects’ responses sorted into the following categories : six for educational activity, eight for student advising in clinical practice, and six for research activities-a total of 20 categories. Data analysis revealed that in their educational activity and student advising, novice teachers had difficulties with instructional methods including lectures, class exercises, and clinical practices. They also faced problems in their personal relationships with senior staff and others. In research activities, most subjects revealed lack of knowledge and experience, i.e., applying scientific methodology, doing research reluctantly, and lacking the ability and experience to conduct research.
CONCLUSIONS : Novice faculty members lacked confidence not only in teaching and conducting research but also in fulfilling other aspects of an unfamiliar role to them. These concerns included problematic relationships with a senior colleague and other staff. University administrators and experienced faculty members might plan an institutional program and/or procedure to mentor and support their junior colleagues.
Journal Title
The Journal of Nursing Investigation
ISSN
13483722
24342238
NCID
AA11937122
Publisher
徳島大学医学部
Volume
7
Issue
1-2
Start Page
23
End Page
29
Sort Key
23
Published Date
2009-03-31
EDB ID
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences