ID 113152
Title Alternative
Coping mechanisms of Junior high school students who feel unwell
Author
Miyamoto, Masako Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences
Ogawa, Kayo Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences
Funakoshi, Kazuyo Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences
Miura, Hiromi Kagawa Prefectural College of Health Sciences
Inoshita, Hikari Okayama University
Tanimoto, Kimie Kagawa University
Keywords
中学生
対処行動
体調不良
junior high school student
coping mechanisms
feeling of unwell
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
本研究は,子どもに対する健康教育の具体的方策の検討に係る基礎的資料として,中学生の体調不良自覚の実態を調査するとともに,自覚症状に対する対処行動の傾向を明らかにすることを目的とし,以下の方法で分析を行った.
2003年に中学生814名を対象として,睡眠や食事に関する生活習慣及び,体調不良の自覚とその際の対処行動に関する,独自の質問紙調査を実施し,記述統計及び項目間の有意差の検定を行った.
814名中,808名から有効回答が得られた.回答者の約3~4割が「腹痛」「頭痛」「倦怠感」を日常よく経験しており,対処行動には,学年,性別,体調不良自覚の頻度,生活習慣の違いによる選択率の有意差が生じていた.
体調不良の症状を自覚した際,中学生では学年が進むとともに他者依存から離れ,自己の判断により,よいと思う方法を選択する傾向に変化していた.中学生の時期には,自分の対処行動に伴う結果が適切な対処行動の選択に影響するとともに,学校や家庭での健康教育を含めたその他の要因が対処行動に関する知識の習得に影響していると考えられる.また,対処行動の選択には男女差が顕著な項目があり,男子は自己判断で対処する傾向があり,女子では他者に伝える傾向と,対処行動として合理的で確実な方法を選択する傾向があった.
以上の結果と考察から,発育段階,性差,生活の背景などを視野に入れた包括的,個別的な健康教育や保健指導の必要性が示唆された.
Description Alternative
The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of feeling unwell and the coping styles of Japanese junior high school students. A questionnaire survey of 814 junior high school students was conducted in 2003. An original questionnaire was developed, consisting of questions relating to 1) lifestyle, including sleeping and eating habits, and 2)the characteristics of feeling unwell and coping mechanisms. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics and ▯2 or Wilcoxon to investigate the relationship between variables. Eight hundred and eight(808)questionnaire were returned. About 30-40% of respondents experienced stomach ache, headache and fatigue on a daily basis. Their grade, gender, lifestyle and the frequency of feeling unwell were associated with their coping styles.
As students got older, their coping style became more independent. Junior high school may be the time to develop an independent coping style based on their own experiences as well as health education at school and home. There was a strong relationship between the coping style and gender. Girls tend to use a more internal locus of control and self-judgment, whereas girls tell others and choose rational and reliable strategies for coping. The results indicate that comprehensive and individualized health education and guidance incorporating personal development, gender and lifestyle are needed. The study’s results provide basic information for the development of health education strategies for school children.
Journal Title
The Journal of Nursing Investigation
ISSN
13483722
24342238
NCID
AA11937122
Publisher
徳島大学医学部
Volume
8
Issue
1-2
Start Page
1
End Page
12
Sort Key
1
Published Date
2010-01-31
EDB ID
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences