ID 113153
Title Alternative
The characteristics of female students’ ideas regarding having a baby : a comparison of nursing students to the general student population
看護学生と他学科学生が持つ赤ちゃんイメージの因子構造と要因
Author
Nakagoshi, Rika Ehime Prefectural University of Health Sciences
Yamaguchi, Masako Sapporo Medical University
Keywords
赤ちゃん
イメージ因子
かかわり意識
児との接触経験
おもいやり
idea
factor
baby
contact with baby
compassion
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
本研究は,看護学生と他学科学生の比較から,女子学生が描く赤ちゃんイメージの構造とそれらに関連する要因を明らかにすることを目的に,A県内にある大学・短期大学・看護専門学校に在学する20歳以下の1年生に対して質問紙調査を行った.調査項目は,個人的属性,乳児との接触経験,赤ちゃんイメージ,思いやり尺度,児に対する関わり意識尺度,赤ちゃんの範囲である.有効回答300名(有効回答率65.2%)を分析対象とした.
赤ちゃんイメージは,第1因子「情緒性」,第2因子「好感度」,第3因子「意思性」の3因子構造であった.児に対する関わり意識は,「育児肯定」「育児行動不満」「乳幼児志向」の3因子構造であった.「好感度」は,「情緒性」・「育児肯定」・「育児行動不満(逆転因子,得点が高いほど不満は低い)」・「乳幼児志向」と正の相関を示した.
看護学生は他学科学生と比べ,「思いやり得点」と「乳幼児志向」・「育児行動不満(逆転因子,得点が高いほど不満は低い)」が有意に高かった.加えて思いやり得点が高い学生ほど「情緒性」と「好感度」が有意に高かった.
また,児と複数回以上の接触経験を持つ学生は,「好感度」と「育児肯定」・「乳幼児志向」が有意に高かった.他学科生は,赤ちゃんとしてとらえる範囲を月齢の大きい児までを含めてイメージし,大きい児をイメージした者ほど「好感度」が有意に高かった.また,児と複数回以上の接触経験を持つ学生は接触経験がない学生に比べ,有意に「育児行動不満(逆転因子,得点が高いほど不満は低い)」の得点が高かった.
児との接触経験が育児行動への不満を弱めること,また思いやりが強い者ほど,接触経験を重ねることで,赤ちゃんイメージと乳幼児への関心を肯定的に高め,育児を肯定的にとらえることが明らかになった.親役割準備教育として,思春期までに思いやりをはぐくむ教育と継続的な児のふれあい体験を持つことの重要性が示唆される.
Description Alternative
The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of the ideas that female students have concerning having a baby.
The subjects were female students under 20 years of age in A prefecture. Responses were obtained from300students and the valid response rate was65.2%. The results showed that :
1. There are three factors concerning the idea of having a baby. The first was composed of eleven items indicating “emotions.” The second was composed of eight items indicating “good feelings.” The third was composed of three items indicating “intentions.”
2. There were three factors concerning awareness about having a baby. The first was composed of seven items indicating “child care affirmation.” The second factor was composed of9items indicating “child care complaints.” The third factor was composed of4items indicating “infant-orientation.”
3. The students who had had contact with a baby frequently showed significantly high scores of “good feelings,” “emotions,” “child care affirmation,” “child care complaints,” and infant-orientation” in comparison with students without child care experiences.
4. Comparisons between general university students and nursing students showed a significantly strong sense of compassion. The nursing students how showed a high sense of compassion had significantly high “emotions” and “good feelings” scores.
Having contact with babies had a strong impact on the development of positive feelings towards having a baby. We suggest that we need to educate students to have compassion and to set opportunities for young people to have frequent contact with babies.
Journal Title
The Journal of Nursing Investigation
ISSN
13483722
24342238
NCID
AA11937122
Publisher
徳島大学医学部
Volume
8
Issue
1-2
Start Page
13
End Page
30
Sort Key
13
Published Date
2010-01-31
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
Publisher