Okamura, Hikari Tokushima University|Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Shimizu, Kenji Tokushima University
Mizuno, Reina Tokushima University
Type I diabetes
single cell analysis
Thesis or Dissertation
Anti-PD-1 therapy can induce eradication of tumors and immune-related adverse events (irAEs) in humans and model animals. However, how anti-PD-1 therapy modifies cellular phenotypes of CD8+ T cells to destroy tumors and damage self-tissues remains to be clarified. Here we performed single-cell mRNA expression profiling of autoreactive CD8+ T cells under or beyond PD-1 suppression in target tissues and reconstructed their activation trajectory. Autoreactive CD8+ T cells went through four activation phases and PD-1 strongly attenuated the transition from the second- to the third-phase, where effector functions were acquired. Shifts in cluster composition of autoreactive CD8+ T cells markedly reflected the severity of autoimmunity. In addition, genes up-regulated along the activation-trajectory in autoimmunity were highly expressed in responders of melanoma patients in anti-PD-1 therapy, suggesting that tumor-specific T cells need to be activated in a similar trajectory to destroy tumors in human patients upon PD-1 blockade. These findings reveal that PD-1 blockade facilitates the activation trajectory of CD8+ T cells to boost their effector functions. Targeted manipulation of the trajectory could lead to new therapeutic opportunities.
Journal of Autoimmunity
© 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
|DOI (Published Version)|
|URL ( Publisher's Version )|
k3322_abstract_review.pdf 310 KB
k3322_fulltext.pdf 9.17 MB
|MEXT report number||
Doctor of Medical Science
Institute of Advanced Medical Sciences