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ID 113963
Title Alternative
OCT for observation of vasa vasorum
Author
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Background
Hypoxia and low pulmonary arterial (PA) blood flow stimulate the development of systemic-to-pulmonary collateral blood vessels, which can be an adverse factor when performing the Fontan operation. The aim of this study was to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to elucidate the morphological changes in PA vasculature after creation of a bidirectional cavopulmonary connection (BCPC) in children.
Methods
This prospective study evaluated PA wall thickness and development of PA vasa vasorum (VV) in the distal PA of eight patients (BCPC group, 1.3 ± 0.3 years) and 20 age-matched children with normal pulmonary artery hemodynamics and morphology (Control group, 1.4 ± 0.3 years). VV development was defined by the VV area ratio, defined as the VV area divided by the adventitial area in cross-sectional images.
Results
There was no significant difference in PA wall thickness between the BCPC and control groups (0.12 ± 0.03 mm vs. 0.12 ± 0.02 mm, respectively). The VV area ratio was significantly greater in the BCPC group than in the Control group (14.5 ± 3.5% vs. 5.3 ± 1.6%, respectively; p<0.0001).
Conclusion
OCT is a promising new tool for evaluating PA pathology, including the development of VV in patients after BCPC.
Journal Title
PLOS ONE
ISSN
19326203
Publisher
PLOS
Volume
14
Issue
4
Start Page
e0215146
Published Date
2019-04-08
Rights
© 2019 Hayabuchi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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language
eng
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departments
Medical Sciences