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ID 114493
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Cystic Ovarian Follicles in Cattle
Ono, Tetsushi Okayama University of Science
Takagi, Mitsuhiro Yamaguchi University
Kawashima, Chiho Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
Wijayagunawardane, Missaka P. B. University of Peradeniya
Vos, Peter L. A. M. Utrecht University
Taniguchi, Masayasu Yamaguchi University
dairy cow
cystic ovarian follicles
hCG treatment
ovarian follicular development
Content Type
Journal Article
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of different intramuscular dosages of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on ovarian follicular development of dairy cows diagnosed with refractory cystic ovarian follicles (COFs). Cows diagnosed with COFs (≥25mm in diameter) were allocated to four treatment groups: hCG-1 (n = 3), a single dose of 4,500 IU on day 1; hCG-2 (n = 3), 2,250 IU on days 1 and 3; hCG-3 (n = 3), 1,500 IU on days 1, 3, and 5; and hCG-C (n = 3) received saline on day 1. Blood sampling and ovarian ultrasonographic (US) examinations were performed on days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14. A progesterone (P4) value < 1 ng/ml was used as an indicator of absence of a functional CL. A significant increase (P < 0.05) in the number of follicles < 4mm in diameter was observed in the hCG-2 group on day 5. Additionally, there was a significant difference in the number of follicles <4mm (P < 0.05) between both the hCG-2 and hCG-3 groups compared to the hCG-C group on day 5, and a tendency (P = 0.08) toward a difference in the number of 5–9mm follicles in groups hCG-3, hCG-2, and hCG-1, compared with the hCG-C group on day 7. The proportion of cows on days 7 and 14 with P4 > 1 ng/ml was 100% (3/3) and 100% (3/3) in group hCG-1; 100% (3/3) and 67% (2/3) in group hCG-2; 67%(2/3) and 100%(3/3) in group hCG-3; and 33%(1/3) and 33%(1/3) in group hCG-C, respectively. Strong tendencies of P4 increases in group hCG-1 (P = 0.054) and hCG-2 (P = 0.051) were measured after hCG administration. Additionally, P4 values tended to be higher (P = 0.07) for group hCG-1 compared to group hCG-C on day 5. The preliminary findings of this study suggest that multiple smaller doses of hCG might be equally effective as a single large dose of hCG in modulating ovarian follicular development in dairy cows with COFs.
Journal Title
Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Frontiers Media S.A.
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Copyright © 2018 Ono, Takagi, Kawashima, Wijayagunawardane, Vos, Taniguchi, Tanihara and Otoi. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). ( The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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Bioscience and Bioindustry