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ID 115447
Title Alternative
DISCUSSION ON DESIGNING AND ASSESSING DISASTER PREVENTION EDUCATION BASED ON ID FOCUSING ON THE LEADING EVACUEES DRILLS USING RED/BLUE PAPERPERBOARD
Author
Kono, Arisa
Nishiyama, Yuki
Keywords
Instructional Design
disaster prevention education
leading evacuees
zest for life
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
本研究では筆者らが行った「青赤紙を用いた率先避難訓練」の防災教育を事例に,よりよい防災教育へ改善していくための問題点と,その改善策を検討した.その結果,本事例の問題点として(1)率先避難者の役割をどのように教えるのかといった「教授方略」に注力し,「目標」や「評価」を決めるための学習者分析を十分に行わなかったこと,(2)「目標」や「評価」をあいまいなままに教育を行ったことで,学習者が理解したことと教育者が教えたいことにズレがあった可能性を見出すことができた.インストラクショナルデザイン(以下ID)を用いることでこの問題点の改善策を提示し,「目標」⇒「評価」⇒「教授方略」の順番で教育を設計することが,よりよい防災教育へ改善していくために重要であることを,防災教育の具体的事例に基づき示すことができた.
Description Alternative
Based on the example of a disaster preparedness education program implemented by the authors, leading evacuees drills using red/blue paperboard, this study examined the problems of the program and their remedial measures for improving disaster preparedness education. As a result, the following two problems were identified: 1) the focus was on the teaching strategies, such as methods for teaching the roles of leading evacuees, and learner analysis for setting the goals and the assessment criteria was not fully conducted, 2) there might have been a gap between what the instructors wanted to teach and what the learners understood due to the fact that the program was implemented without setting clear goals and assessment criteria. Based on a specific example of disaster preparedness education, it was demonstrated that in order to improve disaster preparedness education, it is important to present remedial measures for the problems of the program using instructional design (ID) and to design the education program in the order of goals, assessment criteria, and finally teaching strategies.
Journal Title
Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. B2 (Coastal Engineering)
ISSN
18838944
Publisher
土木学会
Volume
76
Issue
2
Start Page
I_1195
End Page
I_1200
Published Date
2020
Rights
© 2020 公益社団法人 土木学会
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
jpn
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Research Center for Management of Disaster and Environment