Danne, Thomas Hannover Medical School
Matsuhisa, Munehide Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Sussebach, Christian Sanofi
Goyeau, Harmonie Sanofi
Lauand, Felipe Sanofi
Niemoeller, Elisabeth Sanofi
Bolli, Geremia B. Perugia University
type 1 diabetes
Severe hypoglycaemia (SH) remains a challenge to people with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), and new‐generation basal insulins may improve patient outcomes. This post hoc meta‐analysis explored the risk of SH with insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla‐300) versus glargine 100 U/mL (Gla‐100) in a pooled population with T1DM from three randomized, multicentre, 6‐month similarly designed phase 3 trials: EDITION 4, EDITION JP 1 and EDITION JUNIOR. Endpoints included incidence and time to first occurrence of SH. Among 629 and 626 participants randomized to Gla‐300 and Gla‐100, respectively, glycated haemoglobin reductions were similar. Fewer participants experienced ≥1 SH event with Gla‐300 (6.2%) than with Gla‐100 (9.3%). From baseline to month 6, the risk of a first SH event was lower with Gla‐300: hazard ratio 0.65 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.44–0.98; stratified log‐rank test P = 0.038]. SH event rates were numerically lower with Gla‐300 versus Gla‐100 from baseline to month 6 [relative risk (RR) 0.80 (95% CI 0.49–1.29); P = 0.356] and baseline to week 8 [RR 0.73 (95% CI 0.37–1.44); P = 0.369]. Thus, Gla‐300 demonstrated similar glycaemic control with lower risk of SH versus Gla‐100, particularly during the titration period.
Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism: A Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics
John Wiley & Sons
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
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Institute of Advanced Medical Sciences