Mizusawa, Noriko Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Ohigashi, Izumi Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Itakura, Mitsuo Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
The aim of this study was to identify genes that are specifically expressed in pancreatic islet β-cells (hereafter referred to as β-cells). Large-scale complementary DNA-sequencing analysis was performed for 3,429 expressed sequence tags derived from murine MIN6 β-cells, through homology comparisons using the GenBank database. Three individual ESTs were found to code for protease serine S1 family member 53 (Prss53). Prss53 mRNA is processed into both a short and long form, which encode 482 and 552 amino acids, respectively. Transient overexpression of myc-tagged Prss53 in COS-7 cells showed that Prss53 was strongly associated with the luminal surfaces of organellar membranes and that it underwent signal peptide cleavage and N-glycosylation. Immunoelectron microscopy and western blotting revealed that Prss53 localized to mitochondria in MIN6 cells. Short hairpin RNA-mediated Prss53 knockdown resulted in Ppargc1a downregulation and Ucp2 and Glut2 upregulation. JC-1 staining revealed that the mitochondria were depolarized in Prss53-knockdown MIN6 cells; however, no change was observed in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Our results suggest that mitochondrial Prss53 expression plays an important role in maintaining the health of β-cells.
Taylor & Francis
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Institute of Advanced Medical Sciences