Funatsu, Ryoh Kagoshima University|Japan-Clinical Retina Study Group
Terasaki, Hiroto Kagoshima University|Japan-Clinical Retina Study Group
Shiihara, Hideki Kagoshima University|Japan-Clinical Retina Study Group
Kawano, Sumihiro Kurashiki Chuo Hospital
Hirokawa, Mariko NIKON
Tanabe, Yasushi NIKON
Fujiwara, Tomoharu NIKON
Mitamura, Yoshinori Japan-Clinical Retina Study Group|Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Sakamoto, Taiji Kagoshima University|Japan-Clinical Retina Study Group
Sonoda, Shozo Kagoshima University|Japan-Clinical Retina Study Group
The purpose of this study was to determine the number and location of vortex vein ampullae (VVA) in normal eyes. This was an observational retrospective study. Montage images of one on-axis and two off-axis ultra-widefield images of 74 healthy eyes were enhanced, and reverse projected onto a 3D model eye. The number and distance between the optic disc to each VVA in the four sectors were compared. The significance of correlations between these values and age, sex, visual acuity, refractive error, and axial length was determined. The mean number of VVA was 8.10/eye with 1.84, 2.12, 2.19 and 1.95 in upper lateral, lower lateral, upper nasal, and lower nasal sectors, respectively. The mean number of VVA/eye was significantly greater in men at 8.43 than women at 7.76 (P = 0.025). The mean distance between the optic disc and VVA was 14.15 mm, and it was 14.04, 15.55, 13.29 and 13.66 mm in the upper lateral, lower lateral, upper nasal and lower nasal sectors, respectively (all P < 0.05). The number and location of VVA can be obtained non-invasively, and the number was significantly higher in men than women. This technique can be used to determine whether these values are altered in a retinochoroidal disease.
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