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ID 118683
Miyoshi, Hideaki Hokkaido University
Yabe, Daisuke Gifu University
Takahashi, Yoko Sanofi K.K.
Morimoto, Yukiko Sanofi K.K.
Terauchi, Yasuo Yokohama City University
Fixed-ratio combination
Insulin glargine
Real-world data
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Content Type
Journal Article
Introduction: iGlarLixi, a fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine 100 U/mL and the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) lixisenatide, is one option for treatment intensification in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who are unable to achieve targeted glycaemic control with their current glucose-lowering agent. Real-world data on the impact of prior treatment on the effectiveness and safety of iGlarLixi may be useful to guide individualised treatment decisions.
Methods: This analysis of the 6-month, retrospective, observational SPARTA Japan study compared glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), body weight and safety for pre-specified subgroups defined by prior treatment: post oral antidiabetic agent (OAD), GLP-1 RA, basal insulin (BI) + OADs (BOT), GLP-1 RA + BI or multiple daily injections (MDI). The post BOT and MDI subgroups were further divided on the basis of prior dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) use, and the post MDI group was divided on the basis of whether participants continued bolus insulin.
Results: Of the 432 participants in the full analysis set (FAS), 337 were included in this subgroup analysis. Across subgroups, mean baseline HbA1c ranged from 8.49% to 9.18%. iGlarLixi significantly (p < 0.05) reduced mean HbA1c from baseline in all but the post GLP-1 RA + BI group. At 6 months, these significant reductions ranged from 0.47% to 1.27%. Prior DPP-4i exposure had no impact on the HbA1c-lowering effect of iGlarLixi. Mean body weight decreased significantly in the FAS (0.5 kg) and the post BOT (1.2 kg) and MDI (1.5 and 1.9 kg) subgroups but increased in the post GLP-1 RA subgroup (1.3 kg). iGlarLixi treatment was generally well tolerated, with very few participants discontinuing because of hypoglycaemia or gastrointestinal events.
Conclusion: In participants with suboptimal glycaemic control on various regimens, 6 months of iGlarLixi treatment improved HbA1c in all but one prior treatment subgroup (GLP-1 RA + BI), and was generally well tolerated.
Journal Title
Diabetes Therapy
Springer Nature
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End Page
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Institute of Advanced Medical Sciences