ID 321
Title Transcription
ホノルル マラソン サンカシャ ノ ジュンビ ジョウキョウ ト レース ノ ジッタイ ニ カンスル チョウサ ケンキュウ
Title Alternative
A Research on Participants of Honolulu Marathon Regarding the Preparation and Actual Condition of the Race
Author
Hasegawa, Noriko
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Description
2005年12月11日に開催された第34回JALホノルルマラソンに参加したランナーに対してアンケート調査を実施した。調査対象者はホノルルマラソンに向けたトレーニングプログラムの参加者であり,207名から回答を得た。男女比は1:1で,平均年齢は46歳,半数がジョギング未経験者で7割がフルマラソン未経験であった。ジョギングの練習は平均で,週3回,約1時間行っていた。10月・11月の月間走行距離は150kmで,1回の練習における最長距離は26kmであった。ホノルルマラソンの最大の目標は「目標タイムで走る」が46%で最も多かった。ゴールタイムの平均は5時間29分で,半数が「思ったよりも走れなかった」と回答した。後半かなり遅くなった人,歩いた人,エネルギー切れを感じた人がそれぞれ約半数いた。太もも前側,太もも裏側,ふくらはぎ,足の裏,膝がレース中に痛みを感じた部位のトップ5であり,20kmを越えてから痛みを感じる割合が急増していた。レースの翌日に発熱や頭痛,下痢などの症状があった人はわずかであった。3分の2が太ももの前側に筋肉痛を感じていて,半数がふくらはぎに筋肉痛があった。また3分の1が膝の痛みを感じていた。長距離練習を実施したか否かがレース中の身体の痛みの出現の大きな要因となっていると考えられる。21.5km未満の練習しか行っていない群では,30km以上の練習を行った群に比べて,20kmを越えると太ももや膝,ふくらはぎ,足の裏などに痛みを感じる人が多かった。レース前日の睡眠時間の多少はレースのパフォーマンスに影響を与えないことが示された。
Description Alternative
This paper intends to describe the results of a questionnaire survey conducted among the participants of the 34th Honolulu Marathon that was held on 11th of December, 2005 in Hawaii. Before the event, most of the participants from Tokushima Prefecture took part in the training programs offered through local extra-mural courses, and the survey was carried out among this type of people. The varied responses were 207. The ratio of men to women was one-on-one and their average age was 46. Half of them had no prior experiences of jogging and 7 out of 10 people have answered that it was going to be the first time that they would challenge a full marathon. On average, they practiced jogging 3 times a week, 1 hour each. The distance of their jogging practice a month was about 150km on average in October and November 2005. The longest distance in the training was 26km per practice. As for their chief purposes of the race, the largest number of people, which accounted for 46%, answered that they would wish to finish in a target time. The average of goal time was 5 hours 29 minutes. Half of the participants answered (their performances were) 'worse than expected'. Likewise, those who commented their running speeds became slower in the latter half of the race, those who walked, and those who felt a lack of their energies roughly accounted for half of the participants. The worst five points of pains that the participants had experienced were in front of thigh, back of thigh, calf, ball of the foot and knee, and most of them began to feel these pains after they reached 20km. On the following morning of the race, fewer people expressed that they had had a fever, a headache or a diarrhea. On the other hand, two third felt muscle soreness in the front of their thighs, while half felt muscle soreness in their calf. Moreover, one out of three participants felt pains in their knees. It is found that whether one has practiced long distance or not before the race is one of the prime factors for causing physical pains during the race. Compared to those who had practiced more than 30km, those who had practiced less than 21.5km tended to feel more pains in thighs, knees, calf, and bottoms of their foot and so forth after they reached 20km. It is pointed out that sleeping time of the day before the race has had no obvious influence upon the performance of the race.
Journal Title
徳島大学大学開放実践センター紀要
ISSN
09158685
NCID
AN10362515
Volume
17
Start Page
55
End Page
88
Sort Key
55
Published Date
2007-08
Remark
公開日:2010年1月24日で登録したコンテンツは、国立情報学研究所において電子化したものです。
EDB ID
FullText File
language
jpn
departments
Center for University Extension
Integrated Arts and Sciences