ID 373
Title Transcription
カイワ ノ ガンイ ノ タナアゲ ト ソシ ゲンショウ : if any, if anything, if ever, if not, not...until
Title Alternative
Suspendability and Blocking Phenomena of Conversational Implicature : If Any, If Anything, If Ever, If Not, and Not...Until
Author
Tanaka, Hiroaki
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Description
This paper discusses mainly the lexical items which suspend conversational implicature, such as if any, if anything, if ever and if not, and secondarily the one which blocks the emergence of conversational implicature like not...until. If any, etc. are representative of suspension of conversational implicature in a general sense, but this is in fact not the case, as is illustrated by the doubt whether the suspended meaning is really conversational in the Gricean sense. According to Horn (1972) and many others, a lower item on a semantic and pragmatic scale allows for the possibility of something stronger holding. This possibility, however, is allowable only when the suspension words are added to the quantified predicates. It is not until if any, etc. are uttered that suspension is implicated, whether conversationally or not. Second and last, not...until sometimes allows and sometimes blocks the occurrence of conversational implicature, i. e., the sense of actualization (Declerck's terminology). The sense of actualization is implied strongly at some time and weakly at another time. The degree of the implied actualization is determined by the hearer's corollary, which is not explainable only by the Gricean and neo-Gricean Quanity Maxims.
Journal Title
言語文化研究
ISSN
13405632
NCID
AN10436724
Volume
4
Start Page
117
End Page
135
Sort Key
117
Published Date
1997-02-20
Remark
公開日:2010年1月24日で登録したコンテンツは、国立情報学研究所において電子化したものです。
FullText File
language
jpn