ID 387
Title Transcription
コトガラ ノ ジカンテキ コウゾウ ニンシキ ト ジセイ シヨウ ニツイテ
Title Alternative
On Cognition of Temporal Structure of Event and Usage of Tense
Author
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Description
Present tense in many languages does not only denote an actual event occurring at speech time but also has some usages that cannot be explained by a mere time relationship: generic and habitual usages. We show that these will be explained in terms of mental process in speaker's brain as a result of interplay of the memory of perceptions and experiences in past and perception at present time. We further exemplify how knwolege of a generic fact is obtained from a specific happening. This mental process explains why present tense gives strong reality to a sentence using it. Next, we show that some Jananese past expressions must be considered as a result of interplay of memory and present perception, not as an expression of direct perception of a past event. This means that cognition of temporal structure in an overall flow of time plays an essential role. The same type of cognition applies to a German adverb schon, too.
Journal Title
言語文化研究
ISSN
13405632
NCID
AN10436724
Volume
5
Start Page
175
End Page
188
Sort Key
175
Published Date
1998-02-20
Remark
公開日:2010年1月24日で登録したコンテンツは、国立情報学研究所において電子化したものです。
EDB ID
FullText File
language
jpn
departments
Integrated Arts and Sciences