カイワ ニオケル アイズチ ノ ニッチュウ ヒカク : アイズチ ノ ヒンド カラ ミル ニッチュウ ヒカク ブンカロンテキ コウサツ
The role of supportive responses in spoken : A comparative study of Japanese and Chinese cultures by the
Departmental Bulletin Paper
The speaker and the listener are essential constituent in daily conversations.
Development of the conversation is supported by the response of listener.“Aizuchi" is
the supportive response in spoken Japanese， and it plays the indispensable role to take a
message oflistener's understanding to the speaker.In the present study,we compared the
usage of the supportive responses in the typical daily conversations of between Japanese
and Chinese.The result clearly indicates that the supportive responses are used frequently
in spoken Japanese than in spoken Chinese.
In Japanese conversation， the listener attends the story held by the speaker gradually
take part in the partner of the conversation by expressing the supportive response to the
conversations is much less than that in Japanese conversation.This probably do to the
effect of culture of Confucianism in China.The listener has to wait until the end of
the paragraph of speech by the rule influenced by Confucianism. Furthermore，speaker in
Japanese conversation sometimea uses intonation in order to urge the response from the
listener. The role of intonation to affect on the frequency of supportive responses
should be clarified in future studies.
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Liberal Arts and Sciences