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ID 111434
Title Alternative
下位腰椎への血行分布のバリエーション
Author
Keywords
Lower lumbar spine
Variation
Vascular anatomy
Segmental artery
Iliolumbar artery
Content Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Description
Purpose
Several papers examined the vascular anatomy of the lumbosacral region using cadavers with angiography. However, few reports used CT angiography, and discussion on variations of fourth lumbar, fifth lumbar, and lumbar branch of iliolumbar arteries were limited. To clarify the vascular variations around the lower lumbar spine including the lumbosacral region, particularly at the posterior elements, we performed anatomical analysis using computed tomography (CT).

Methods
Extra-osseous arteries surrounding the lumbar spine including the lumbosacral region were evaluated by two orthopedic surgeons independently, using 323 consecutive abdominal contrast-enhanced multi-planner CT scans that were taken for surgical plans in colon cancer patients. Subjects were 204 men and 119 women, whose ages ranged from 15 to 89 years (mean: 66.5).

Results
Each segmental artery was visible at the L1-L4 spinal levels, running from the vertebra through the lamina in ˃90% patients (right: 91.0%;left: 90.7%), while it was visible in ˂10% patients at the L5 level (right: 4.6%; left: 8.7%). The extra-osseous arterial supply to the L5 lamina was basically provided by two vessels on each side. One was mostly derived from the L4 segmental artery (right: 92.6%; left: 92.0%) that was distributed around the superior articular process, the other was derived from the iliolumbar artery (right: 62.9%; left: 55.7%) that was distributed around the inferior articular process through the lamina. There were mainly four combination patterns of those arteries. These combinations, which had been considered as regular patterns in textbooks, were observed in approximately 50% (right: 55.7%; left: 48.6%) of patients.

Conclusion
Various distributions of arteries around the lower spine were identified.
Journal Title
European Spine Journal
ISSN
09406719
14320932
NCID
AA10852035
AA11623179
Publisher
Springer Nature
Volume
25
Issue
12
Start Page
4181
End Page
4187
Published Date
2016-02-09
Remark
内容要旨・審査要旨・論文本文の公開
本論文は, 著者Fumitake Tezukaの学位論文として提出され, 学位審査・授与の対象となっている。
The final publication is available at link.springer.com.
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
ETD
MEXT report number
甲第3128号
Diploma Number
甲医第1362号
Granted Date
2018-03-23
Degree Name
Doctor of Medical Science
Grantor
Tokushima University
departments
Medical Sciences
University Hospital