ID 113413
Title Alternative
Activin stimulated follicular growth
Author
Tanaka, Naoko Tokushima University
Keywords
follicle
activin
in vitro follicle culture
preantral follicle
FSH receptor
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
As the follicular environment transits from being activin dominant to inhibin dominant during folliculogenesis, it is assumed that activin plays an important role in the early stage of follicular growth. We examined the effects of activin on morphological, biochemical and molecular changes in isolated preantral follicles. Preantral follicles were mechanically isolated from 14-day old female C57BL/6 mice. Each follicle was cultured and observed for 14 days using an in vitro follicle culture system containing FSH, FSH + activin A and FSH + inhibin in the culture medium. We subsequently examined FSH receptor (FSH-R) mRNA expression in isolated follicle cultures with or without activin on days 0 and 2. Activin was observed to significantly stimulate follicle enlargement on days 2, 4, 6 and 8, accelerate morphological changes and increase estradiollevels in culture medium on days 4, 12 and 14. In contrast, inhibin did not alter follicular growth. Additionally, activin stimulated the expression of FSH-R mRNA in isolated granulosa cells. It was demonstrated that activin stimulated the growth of preantral follicles, mainly during the early stage of folliculogenesis, by inducing FSH-R expression, in an isolated follicle culture system.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA12022913
AA11166929
Publisher
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
Volume
66
Issue
1-2
Start Page
165
End Page
171
Sort Key
165
Published Date
2019-02
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences
University Hospital