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ID 112926
Title Alternative
健常日本人小児における脈絡膜厚の経時的変化 : 縦断研究
Author
Ohsugi, Eiko Tokushima University|Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital
Sano, Hiroki Tokushima University
Nagasawa, Toshihiko Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital|Tokushima University
Shimizu, Yukiko Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital
Nagasato, Daisuke Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital|Tokushima University
Tabuchi, Hitoshi Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital|Tokushima University
Keywords
choroidal thickness
longitudinal study
pediatrics
swept-source optical coherence tomography
Content Type
Thesis or Dissertation
Description
AIM: To investigate the changes in the choroidal thickness in healthy pediatric children in a longitudinal study, and to determine the ocular and systemic parameters that were significantly correlated with the changes in the choroidal thickness.
METHODS: This study included 64 eyes of 34 healthy Japanese children with a mean age (±SD) of 4.4 (±0.4)y (range, 3.6-5.8y) at baseline. Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) was used to record images of the retina and choroid at the baseline and after a mean follow-up period of about 1.5y. The 3D raster scan protocol was used to construct the choroidal thickness map. Mean choroidal thickness was calculated for each of the nine sectors of the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study grid. Best-corrected visual acuity, axial length, body height, and weight were also measured. Changes in measurements were defined as the baseline values subtracted from the values at the final visit. A generalized estimating equation was used to eliminate the effect of within-subject intereye correlations.
RESULTS: The mean central choroidal thickness was significantly reduced during the follow-up period (baseline, 301.8±8.6 μm; final visit, 286.6±8.0 μm, P<0.001). The decrease in the choroidal thickness was greatest in the central sector, followed by the sectors of the inner and outer rings. The inner and outer rings had diameters of 1 to 3 mm and 3 to 6 mm, respectively. The changes in the choroidal thickness in the central, inner ring, and outer ring sectors were significantly and negatively correlated with the age, baseline body height, baseline body weight, and elongation of the axial length.
CONCLUSION: These results indicate that the choroidal thickness among preschool-aged Japanese children decreased significantly during the follow-up period. The choroidal thinning is significantly associated with the elongation of axial length. These characteristics should be considered in the evaluation of choroidal thickness in younger children with retinochoroidal disorders.
Journal Title
International Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN
22223959
22274898
Publisher
IJO Press Co., Limited
Volume
11
Issue
7
Start Page
1179
End Page
1184
Published Date
2018-07-18
Remark
内容要旨・審査要旨・論文本文の公開
本論文は, 著者Eiko Ohsugiの学位論文として提出され, 学位審査・授与の対象となっている。
Rights
© 2018. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
ETD
MEXT report number
甲第3244号
Diploma Number
甲医第1393号
Granted Date
2018-11-22
Degree Name
Doctor of Medical Science
Grantor
Tokushima University
departments
Medical Sciences