Nagasawa, Toshihiko Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital
Tabuchi, Hitoshi Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital|Hiroshima University
Masumoto, Hiroki Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital
Morita, Shoji University of Hyogo
Niki, Masanori Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory
Ohara, Zaigen Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital
Yoshizumi, Yuki Saneikai Tsukazaki Hospital
Purpose. The present study aimed to compare the accuracy of diabetic retinopathy (DR) staging with a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) using two different types of fundus cameras and composite images. Method. The study included 491 ultra-wide-field fundus ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images that passed an image-quality review and were graded as no apparent DR (NDR; 169 images), mild nonproliferative DR (NPDR; 76 images), moderate NPDR (54 images), severe NPDR (90 images), and proliferative DR (PDR; 102 images) by three retinal experts by the International Clinical Diabetic Retinopathy Severity Scale. The findings of tests 1 and 2 to identify no apparent diabetic retinopathy (NDR) and PDR, respectively, were then assessed. For each verification, Optos, OCTA, and Optos OCTA imaging scans with DCNN were performed. Result. The Optos, OCTA, and Optos OCTA imaging test results for comparison between NDR and DR showed mean areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.79, 0.883, and 0.847; sensitivity rates of 80.9%, 83.9%, and 78.6%; and specificity rates of 55%, 71.6%, and 69.8%, respectively. Meanwhile, the Optos, OCTA, and Optos OCTA imaging test results for comparison between NDR and PDR showed mean AUC of 0.981, 0.928, and 0.964; sensitivity rates of 90.2%, 74.5%, and 80.4%; and specificity rates of 97%, 97%, and 96.4%, respectively. Conclusion. The combination of Optos and OCTA imaging with DCNN could detect DR at desirable levels of accuracy and may be useful in clinical practice and retinal screening. Although the combination of multiple imaging techniques might overcome their individual weaknesses and provide comprehensive imaging, artificial intelligence in classifying multimodal images has not always produced accurate results.
Journal of Ophthalmology
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