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ID 115985
Title Alternative
Usefulness of NIRS for medication adherence
Author
Kawai, Chihiro Tokushima University
Betriana, Feni Tokushima University
Keywords
Children
ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)
NIRS (near-infrared spectroscopy)
medication adherence
frontal lobe function
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
The symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. Physicians often prescribe methylphenidate (MPH) for children with ADHD for long periods of time. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for evaluating drug effects and improvements in medication adherence in children with ADHD. Subjects were 10 male children diagnosed with ADHD : average age, 9.3 years, and 10 boys with typical development : average age 9.5 years. Children with intellectual disability, autism, and obvious depressive symptoms were excluded. The present study revealed that in the ADHD group, oxy-Hb concentrations in the left and right lateral prefrontal cortex significantly increased during the execution of the Stroop color-word test in both channels when taking MPH. This method was considered to be useful for assessing drug effects on ADHD because NIRS is an objective indicator for evaluating ADHD executive dysfunction and visualizes the activation of frontal lobe function by MPH. A pediatric neurologist explained the results of NIRS while presenting images to the ADHD group, and medication adherence and the drug-taking ratio both markedly improved. Therefore, this therapeutic explanation is an effective strategy for improving medication compliance and adherence among patients.
Journal Title
The Journal of Medical Investigation
ISSN
13496867
13431420
NCID
AA11166929
Publisher
Tokushima University Faculty of Medicine
Volume
68
Issue
1-2
Start Page
53
End Page
58
Sort Key
53
Published Date
2021-02
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Publisher
departments
Medical Sciences
University Hospital