Zolpidem therapy in dystonia
Miyazaki, Yoshimichi University of Tokushima|Ehime University KAKEN Search Researchers
Sako, Wataru University of Tokushima KAKEN Search Researchers
Asanuma, Kotaro University of Tokushima
Izumi, Yuishin University of Tokushima Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Miki, Tetsuro Ehime University
Kaji, Ryuji University of Tokushima Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Although there are some newly developed options to treat dystonia, its medical treatment is not always satisfactory. Zolpidem, an imidazopyridine agonist with a high affinity on benzodiazepine subtype receptor BZ1 (ω1), was found to improve clinical symptoms of dystonia in a limited number of case reports. To investigate what subtype of dystonia is responsive to the therapy, we conducted an open label study to assess the efficacy of zolpidem (5–20 mg) in 34 patients suffering from miscellaneous types of dystonia using the Burke–Fahn–Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale (BFMDRS). Patients were entered into the study if they had been refractory to other medications as evaluated by BFMDRS (no change in the previous two successive visits). After zolpidem therapy, the scores in the patients as a whole were decreased from 7.2 ± 7.9 to 5.5 ± 5.0 (P = 0.042). Patients with generalized dystonia, Meige syndrome/blepharospasm, and hand dystonia improved in the scale by 27.8, 17.8, and 31.0%, respectively, whereas no improvement was found in cervical dystonia patients. Overall response rate among patients were comparable to that of trihexyphenidyl. Zolpidem may be a therapeutic option for generalized dystonia, Meige syndrome, and hand dystonia including musician’s. Drowsiness was the dose-limiting factor.
Frontiers in Neurology
Frontiers Media S.A.
© 2012 Miyazaki, Sako, Asanuma, Izumi, Miki and Kaji. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial License(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in other forums, provided the original authors and source are credited.
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