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ID 114394
Author
Ito, Hiromichi Tokushima University|Naruto University of Education KAKEN Search Researchers
Hisaoka, Sonoka Tokushima University
Toda, Yoshihiro Tokushima University
Keywords
Arterial spin labeling
Autism spectrum disorder
Cerebral blood flow
Magnetic resonance imaging
Mirror neuron system
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Introduction
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that can measure regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) without radiation exposure. This study aimed to evaluate rCBF in individuals with autism and their age-matched controls, globally and regionally.

Methods
We performed ASL MRI (3T, pulsed-continuous ASL, 3 delayed ASL imaging sequences) for 33 patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (average age: 7.3 years, range: 2-14 years). Nineteen children (average age: 8.6 years, range: 3-15 years) without ASD and intellectual delay were included as controls. Patients with morphological abnormalities detected on MRI were excluded. Objective analysis was performed with automatic region of interest analysis of the ASL results. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the rCBF results between the groups.

Results
Compared to the controls, patients with ASD showed a statistically significant decrease in rCBF, respectively, in the insula [left, rCBF 51.8±9.5 mL/100 g/min (mean±SD) versus 59.9±9.8, p=0.0017; right, 51.2±10.1 versus 57.8±8.8, p=0.0354], superior parietal lobule (left, 44.6±8.4 versus 52.0±7.8, p=0.003), superior temporal gyrus (left, 50.0±8.6 versus 56.9±8.6, p=0.007; right, 49.5±8.4 versus 56.4±7.7, p=0.0058), and inferior frontal gyrus (left, 53.0±9.8 versus 59.3±9.9, p=0.0279), which are associated with the mirror neuron system.

Conclusions
We concluded that patients with ASD showed a statistically significant decline in CBF in regions associated with the mirror neuron system. The advantages of ASL MRI include low invasiveness (no radiation exposure) and short imaging time (approximately 5 min). Studies with larger sample sizes are required to establish the diagnostic value of ASL MRI for ASD.
Journal Title
Brain and Development
ISSN
03877604
NCID
AA00111153
AA11521714
Publisher
The Japanese Society of Child Neurology|Elsevier
Volume
42
Issue
4
Start Page
315
End Page
321
Published Date
2020-02-20
Rights
© 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
EDB ID
DOI (Published Version)
URL ( Publisher's Version )
FullText File
language
eng
TextVersion
Author
departments
University Hospital
Medical Sciences