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ID 113982
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Keywords
Autoinflammation
Genetics
Immunoproteasomes
Content Type
Journal Article
Description
Recent progress in DNA sequencing technology has made it possible to identify specific genetic mutations in familial disorders. For example, autoinflammatory syndromes are caused by mutations in gene coding for immunoproteasomes. These diseases include Japanese autoinflammatory syndrome with lipodystrophy, Nakajo-Nishimura syndrome, joint contractures, muscular atrophy, microcytic anemia, panniculitis-associated lipodystrophy syndrome, and chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperature syndrome. Causal mutations of these syndromes are present in gene coding for subunits of the immunoproteasome. Importantly, a genetically modified mouse that lacks the catalytic subunit of immunoproteasomes does not always develop an autoinflammatory syndrome. Analysis of causal gene mutations, assessment of patients’ phenotypic changes, and appropriate animal models will be indispensable for clarifying the underlying mechanisms responsible for the development of autoinflammatory syndromes and establishing curative approaches.
Journal Title
Inflammation and Regeneration
ISSN
18808190
Publisher
BioMed Central|Springer Nature
Volume
36
Start Page
13
Published Date
2016-05-28
Rights
© 2016 Arimochi et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
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language
eng
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departments
Medical Sciences