Hosokai, Takuya National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology|Chemical Materials Evaluation and Research Base
Matsuzaki, Hiroyuki National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology|Chemical Materials Evaluation and Research Base
Nakanotani, Hajime Kyushu University|Japan Science and Technology Agency
Tokumaru, Katsumi Chemical Materials Evaluation and Research Base
Tsutsui, Tetsuo Chemical Materials Evaluation and Research Base
Furube, Akihiro National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology|Chemical Materials Evaluation and Research Base|Tokushima University Tokushima University Educator and Researcher Directory KAKEN Search Researchers
Nasu, Keirou Kyulux Inc.
Nomura, Hiroko Kyulux Inc.
Yahiro, Masayuki Institute of Systems, Information Technologies and Nanotechnologies
Adachi, Chihaya Kyushu University|Japan Science and Technology Agency
The design of organic compounds with nearly no gap between the first excited singlet (S1) and triplet (T1) states has been demonstrated to result in an efficient spin-flip transition from the T1 to S1 state, that is, reverse intersystem crossing (RISC), and facilitate light emission as thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF). However, many TADF molecules have shown that a relatively appreciable energy difference between the S1 and T1 states (~0.2 eV) could also result in a high RISC rate. We revealed from a comprehensive study of optical properties of TADF molecules that the formation of delocalized states is the key to efficient RISC and identified a chemical template for these materials. In addition, simple structural confinement further enhances RISC by suppressing structural relaxation in the triplet states. Our findings aid in designing advanced organic molecules with a high rate of RISC and, thus, achieving the maximum theoretical electroluminescence efficiency in organic light-emitting diodes.
American Association for the Advancement of Science
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sciadv_3_5_e1603282.pdf 2.62 MB
Science and Technology